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X-ray & Fluoroscopy

X-ray and fluoroscopy are common imaging techniques, which use radiation to diagnose diseases or conditions of certain parts of the body. Some exams have the ability to provide a live image when examining moving body structures in real time.

Why might I need an X-ray?

X-rays of the extremities such as your arm, leg, hand, foot, ankle, shoulder, knee, hip or hand may be done to assess for injuries. This includes fractures or broken bones. X-rays can also show evidence of other injuries or conditions, such as:

  • Infection
  • Arthritis
  • Tendinitis
  • Bone spurs
  • Foreign bodies
  • Tumors
  • Birth defects

X-rays may also be used to see bone growth and development in children. Your healthcare provider may request X-rays of joints to check for abnormalities of the joint such as bone spurs, narrowing of the joint, and changes in the structure of the joint.

How common are x-ray and fluoroscopy?

Medical specialties where X-ray and fluoroscopy are most often used include:

  • Ear, Nose, Throat (ENT)
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Oncology

Patient examinations using X-ray and fluoroscopy include:

  • Gastrointestinal (GI)
  • Abscessography
  • Abdominal radiography
  • Cholangiography
  • Contrast enemas
  • Esophagrams
  • Enteric tube placement
  • Fistulography
  • Small bowel series
  • Upper gastrointestinal series
  • Video swallow Genitourinary (GU)
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Ileal or colonic conduit examinations
  • Retrograde cystography
  • Retrograde urethrography
  • Voiding cystourethrography

How to Prepare 

Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure to you and ask if you have questions. For a standard X-ray, generally no preparation, such as fasting or sedation, is required. Tell the X-ray technologist if you are pregnant or think you might be. Based on your medical condition, your provider may request other specific preparation.

Please consult your physician directly when preparing for additional radiography and fluoroscopy tests such as:

  • Barium Enema
  • Garstrograffin Enema
  • Garstrograffin Swallow
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Small Bowel Follow Through
  • Upper GI
  • Hystrosalpingoram (HSG)
  • Cystogram

Be sure to follow any and all specific preparation instructions as advised by your healthcare provider.