|Normal Anatomy of the Abdominal Organs|
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- Maternal smoking
- Alcohol use by mother during pregnancy
- Maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) before and through first trimester of pregnancy—medication most often used for the treatment of depression or anxiety
- Maternal use of asthma medication—before and through first trimester of pregnancy
- Maternal overweight or obesity before pregnancy
- Dextrose and electrolyte solutions for nutrition and hydration
- Antibiotics if an infection is present or possible
Treatment for Complications
- Short bowel syndrome—which may cause growth failure because of the intestine’s inability to completely digest or take in nutrients
- Gastroesophageal reflux—stomach liquids leak up into esophagus
- Bowel obstruction—especially in babies with a rotated intestine
- Quit smoking before and during pregnancy.
- Avoid alcohol during pregnancy.
Birth Defects Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
March of Dimes http://www.marchofdimes.com
March of Dimes Canada http://www.marchofdimes.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Birth defects-diagnosis. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/diagnosis.html . Updated February 24, 2011. Accessed March 27, 2013.
Birth defects-facts about omphalocele. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/Omphalocele.html . Updated February 24, 2011. Accessed March 27, 2013.
Omphalocele. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated August 28, 2012. Accessed March 27, 2013.
Omphalocele. PEMSoft at EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Accessed March 27, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 06/24/2013