(Anomia, Aphasia-associated; Nominal Aphasia; Anomic Aphasia; Difficulty Naming Objects and People)
|Stroke—Most Common Cause of Aphasia|
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- Being at risk for stroke or dementia
- Having a history of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)
- Increased age—more common in older people
- Using general descriptions instead of specifics: “that place where you sleep” for “bedroom”
- Saying what a thing does, but not what it is: “that thing you drive” for “car”
- CT scan—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the head
- MRI scan—a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the head
- Exam of muscles used in speech
- Tests to assess language skills—for example, identifying objects, defining words, and writing
- Preserve the language skills you have
- Try to restore those you have lost
- Discover new ways of communicating
- Using flash cards with pictures and words to help you name objects
- Repeating words back to the therapist
- Working with computer programs designed to improve speech, hearing, reading, and writing
Family Care and Counseling
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Limit salt and fat in your diet.
- If you smoke, quit.
- If you drink, do so in moderation.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Control your blood pressure.
- Ask your doctor if you should take low-dose aspirin.
- Properly treat and control chronic conditions, like diabetes.
- If you have signs of a stroke, get help right away.
National Aphasia Association http://www.aphasia.org
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders http://www.nidcd.nih.gov
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
The Aphasia Institute http://www.aphasia.ca
Brain Injury Association of Alberta http://www.biaa.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca
Aphasia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia.htm. Accessed May 17, 2013.
Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed May 17, 2013.
Aphasia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communicative Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/pages/aphasia.aspx. Updated October 2008. Accessed May 17, 2013.
Kirshner HS. Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth Heniemann Elsevier; 2008: 141-160.
More aphasia facts. The National Aphasia Association website. Available at: http://www.aphasia.org/Aphasia%20Facts/aphasia%5Ffacts.html. Accessed May 17, 2013.
Stedman TL. Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. 28th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005: 117; B9; B13; 1849-1850.
Winn P, ed. Dictionary of Biological Psychology. London, England: Routledge; 2001: 95-96.