Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
|The Respiratory System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Gene variation in the immune system—This gene variation may be more common in people in Southeast Asia. The variation makes people more susceptible to developing SARS.
- Recent travel to locations in Asia where SARS outbreaks have been reported.
- Close contact with someone who has SARS.
- Healthcare workers who care for patients with SARS.
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Body aches and pains
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- Malaise (a general feeling of discomfort)
- Muscular stiffness
- Loss of appetite
- Blood tests
- Blood culture
- Sputum culture
- Detection of SARS viruses in blood, sputum, and stool by:
- Viral culture
- Pulse oximetry to measure the oxygen level in your blood
- Chest x-ray
- Medications that suppress or enhance the immune system
- Practice proper hand washing .
- Regularly use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
- Disinfect toilets, sinks, or other objects or surfaces used by anyone with SARS.
- Do not share utensils, glasses, towels, or linen with anyone with SARS.
- If you are a healthcare worker, use gloves, gown, and use eye protection when caring for patients with SARS.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Goldman L, et al. Cecil Textbook of Medicine . 22nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2004.
Lu P, Zhou B, et al. Chest x-ray imaging of patients with SARS. Chin Med J. 2003;116(7):972-975.
Mandell G, et al. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases . 6th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone, Inc.; 2005.
Mason RJ, et al. Murray & Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 4th ed. London: Elsevier; 2005.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome . Accessed September 19, 2013.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/sars . Updated April 16, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2013.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated January 15, 2013. Accessed February 19, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 02/19/2014