St. Louis Encephalitis
|The Central Nervous System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Increased age
- Living in or visiting the southern, central, or western United States, especially during the summer and fall
- Stay inside between dusk and dark. This is when mosquitoes are most active.
- Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outside.
- Spray exposed skin with an insect repellent that contains up to 35% diethyltoluamide (DEET).
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Reimann CA, Hayes EB, DiGuiseppi C, et al. Epidemiology of neuroinvasive arboviral disease in the United States, 1999-2007. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Dec;79(6):974-9.
St. Louis encephalitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated July 16, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
St. Louis encephalitis fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/sle/Sle%5FFactSheet.html. Updated June 11, 2007. Accessed January 4, 2013.
10/7/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, Tisch DJ, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013 Aug 22; 369(8):745-53.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012
- Update Date: 10/07/2013