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- Having a dental disease or recent dental surgery
- Liquids or solids that are sucked into lungs
- Having bowel surgery
- Swallowing fragments of chicken or other bones
- For women: having an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) in place for many years
- Having a weakened immune system
- Tissue damage
- In children: Chronic granulomatous disease or other disorder that affects the immune system
- Hard swellings that are usually painless and located around the mouth, neck, or jaw
- Swellings that may produce pus containing tiny, yellowish particles
- Drainage of pus through the skin of the chest or abdomen
- Weight loss
- Cough that produces sputum or blood
- Noticeable swelling or firm mass in the abdomen, especially the lower part
- Analyses of pus, sputum, or tissue
Drainage of Abscesses
- Brush your teeth twice a day
- Floss daily
- Replace your toothbrush regularly
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
American Dental Association http://www.mouthhealthy.org
Canadian Dental Association http://www.cda-adc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Actinomycosis. DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 20, 2011. Accessed August 6, 2013.
Hall V. Actinomyces—gathering evidence of human colonization and infection. Anaerobe. 2008;14(1):1-7.
Naik NH, Russo TA. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: the role of actinomyces. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49(11):1729-1732.
Sullivan DC, Chapman SW. Bacteria that masquerade as fungi: actinomycosis/nocardia. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2010;7(3):216-221.
- Reviewer: Igor Puzanov, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013
- Update Date: 05/11/2013