- Fungal infections
|An infection of the lungs has spread throughout the body, leading to septic shock.|
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- Age: newborns and people over age 50
- Weakened immune system
- Low white blood cell counts
- Chronic diseases
- Previous surgery
- Reduced alertness
- Irregular blood pressure
- Fever, which may be followed by a drop in body temperature
- Warm, flushed skin
- Rapid, pounding heartbeat
- Rapid breathing
- Reduced urination
- Kidney failure
- Lung failure
- Heart failure
- Blood clots
- Blood tests to measure white blood cells, oxygen levels, platelet count, lactic acid, and metabolic waste
- Blood tests and cultures to check for infectious organisms
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)—to check for heart rhythm irregularities
Supportive Measures for Shock
- IV fluids—delivered directly into a vein
- Drugs to increase blood flow
- Extra oxygen
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Society of Critical Care Medicine http://www.sccm.org
Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians http://www.caep.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Behrman RE, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2007.
Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2008.
Marx JA, et al. Rosen's Emergency Medicine.7th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.; 2009.
Sepsis: what you should know. Society of Critical Care Medicine website. Available at: http://www.sccm.org/SCCM/Patient-Family+Resources/Support+Brochures/Sepsis.htm. Accessed September 26, 2006.
Septic shock. Merck website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/print/infections/bacteremia%5Fsepsis%5Fand%5Fseptic%5Fshock/sepsis%5Fand%5Fseptic%5Fshock.html. Accessed September 26 2006.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012
- Update Date: 10/11/2012