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- Age: it is the most common cause of obstruction in children 3 months to 6 years old, but the majority are younger than 24 months.
- Season: more common during respiratory and gastrointestinal virus seasons.
- Sex: male
- Medical conditions in the list above
- Usually severe
- Colicky or cramping
- Usually comes on suddenly
- In children, this may be indicated by drawing knees to chest and crying.
- Vomiting (sometimes yellow or green tinged)
- Stools mixed with mucus and blood (often described as currant jelly)
- Perforation of the intestinal wall
- Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity) and infection
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php/
American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.familydoctor.org .
American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.aap.org .
Behrman RE, Kliegman RM , Jenson HB, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics . 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2007.
Beers MH, Fletcher AJ, et al. The Merck Manual of Medical Information . Whitehouse Station, NJ: Simon and Schuster, Inc; 2000.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov .
D’Augustino J. Common abdominal emergencies in children. Emerg Med Clin North Am . 2002;20(1):139-153.
Intussusception. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated July 2009. Accessed July 21, 2009.
O’Neill JA, Grosfeld JL, Fonkalsrud EW, Coran AG, Caldamone AA. Principles of Pediatric Surgery . 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2004.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012
- Update Date: 00/91/2012