(Whooping Cough )
|Upper Respiratory Tract|
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- Inhaling droplets from the sneeze or cough of a person infected with pertussis
- Having direct contact with the mucus of a person infected with pertussis
- Not being immunized
- Living in the same house or working in close contact with someone infected with pertussis
- Runny nose and congestion
- Mild fever
- Mild cough
- Watery, red eyes
- Severe coughing
- Long episodes of coughing that start suddenly and may end with a forceful inhale or 'whoop' (the whoop does not occur in all people)
- In severe cases, coughing may cause a person to have trouble breathing or turn blue from lack of oxygen
- Coughing episodes may result in vomiting
- Periods of no breathing
- Abdominal and inguinal hernias
- Rarely, damage to the brain
- Rarely, death
- Swab of nose and throat for culture and other tests to detect the bacteria
- Blood tests
Treatment of Symptoms
- Get plenty of rest
- Use a cool mist vaporizer to loosen mucus and soothe the respiratory tract
- Avoid irritants that trigger coughing, such as smoke or aerosol sprays
- Drink plenty of fluids
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Center for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated January 29, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Pertussis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated February 25, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Pertussis. PEMSoft at EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Pertussis (whooping cough). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis. Updated May 7, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Tdap vaccine. What you need to know Centers for Disease control and Prevention Website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/tdap.pdf. Accessed June 5, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 05/11/2013